Listening was an important attribute instilled as an attribute enhancing comprehension and understanding.
Handwriting was taught and legibility encouraged.
Children learned about words through phonetic study.
Oral reading to the teacher and within groups lead to fluency when sharing text. Discussion within groups and shared conversation built understanding about meaning of the written word.
Children learned tables and mathematical formulae. They developed the ability to carry out mental computation and were dexterous without the need for calculator assistance.
Grammar was studied. Rules relating to the English language and usage were studied and understood.
Spelling was an essential subject. Words and their usage was an important part of study.
My oh my, how things have changed.